The 2024 Labor Shortage in Texas

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Strategies for Employers

The state of Texas is currently facing a significant labor shortage that is impacting various industries.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s report for February 2024 revealed that while there are 9.5 million job openings nationwide, there are only 6.5 million unemployed individuals.

With only eight available workers for every ten open jobs, the situation looks bleak and may even become a major drawback for Texas in the foreseeable future.[1]

As of 2024, the evolving economic landscape and ongoing shifts in workforce dynamics have contributed to a persistent imbalance between job openings and the available pool of skilled workers.

Sectors such as hospitality, construction, healthcare, technology, and others need help to fill positions, which has led to operational disruptions, increased competition for talent, and rising wages.

According to a survey conducted by the Texas Restaurant Association, restaurants in Texas are making progress in their business despite inflation and shortage of workers.

The survey found that in January, nearly half of the restaurants in Texas (48%) did not have adequate staff to meet the existing demand.[2]

The prominent employment industries in Texas are linked to the state’s substantial impact on the global economy, resulting in a high demand for trade and transportation services and a healthy business landscape.

The construction sector employs the fewest of the industries monitored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for Texas.

The construction industry in Texas has been grappling with a shortage of skilled labor for several years.

The demand for construction workers remains high due to ongoing infrastructure projects, residential and commercial developments, and rebuilding efforts after natural disasters.

The healthcare sector in Texas, including hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities, is facing a shortage of healthcare professionals such as nurses, medical technicians, and allied health workers.

The aging population and increased demand for healthcare services have exacerbated the workforce shortage in this industry.

Texas hotels, restaurants, and tourism-related businesses need help finding workers to fill hospitality, food service, and customer service roles.

The tourism industry’s seasonal nature and the pandemic’s impact on travel have contributed to staffing challenges in this sector.

The tech industry in Texas, particularly in cities like Austin and Dallas, is experiencing a need for more skilled workers in software development, data science, cybersecurity, and IT infrastructure.

The manufacturing sector in Texas, which includes the aerospace, automotive, and electronics industries, also needs more skilled workers.

Positions that require specialized skills, such as machinists, welders, and technicians, are particularly challenging to fill.

The above are just a few examples of Texas industries most affected by the labor shortage.

Strategies to Mitigate Labor Shortages and Create a Sustainable Workforce:

1. Invest in education and training:

Encouraging investment in various vocational training programs, apprenticeships, and skill development initiatives can effectively address the labor shortage issue in Texas.

By investing in such initiatives, individuals can acquire the necessary skills and knowledge to meet the demands of various industries, thereby bridging the skills gap and preparing a skilled workforce for the future.

By 2030, Texas intends to have 60% of individuals between the ages of 25 and 64 possess a certificate or degree.

However, only 45% of Texans currently hold the necessary training and education required for middle-skilled jobs.[3]

Collaborations between educational institutions, businesses, and government agencies can help create a more coordinated and comprehensive approach to skills development.

These entities can design and implement training programs tailored to the industry’s specific needs, ensuring that individuals have the right skills for the job.

Various industries in Texas and skill development initiatives in these industries face labor shortages.

The state can create a pipeline of skilled workers to meet the growing demand for labor.

This will not only benefit the state’s businesses and industries but also provide more job opportunities for Texans.

2. Promoting workforce diversity and inclusion practices:

Creating inclusive work environments that foster diversity and implementing effective diversity recruitment strategies is essential.

Over 40% of the population in Texas, which is home to over 30 million people, identifies as Hispanic.[4]

While the mental health provider population in the state is over 80% white, according to data from 2023.

By diversifying, the state can attract a wider talent pool and provide opportunities for underrepresented groups to contribute to the state’s economy.

Beyond the benefits of a more diverse workforce, promoting inclusivity and diversity can also help build a more resilient workforce in Texas.

This can involve developing diversity recruitment plans, providing training and support for underrepresented employees, and creating a culture of inclusivity across all levels of the organization.

3. Offer competitive wages and benefits:

The latest state data reveals that over 2 million individuals were excluded from Texas’ Medicaid program after the federal pandemic-related coverage safeguards were lifted in April 2023.[5]

Employers can partner with healthcare providers to offer telemedicine services, which can help employees access healthcare services remotely.

By taking these steps, employers can help address the issue of healthcare access for their employees and potentially mitigate the impact of Medicaid coverage exclusions.

In addition to these standard offerings, providing opportunities for career advancement, professional development, and work-life balance can be critical differentiators for companies seeking to stand out from the crowd.

In addition, offering flexible schedules and other work-life balance initiatives can help employees manage their personal and professional responsibilities, leading to greater job satisfaction and improved retention rates.

One way to achieve this is by creating a favorable business environment encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation. This can be done by offering tax incentives, reducing regulatory burdens, and streamlining licensing processes.

Providing access to capital through low-interest loans, grants, and venture capital can help entrepreneurs turn their ideas into successful businesses.

4. Hiring Foreign Workers:

This employment-based immigrant visa category allows foreign workers to obtain permanent residency in the U.S.[6]

The program allows companies to sponsor foreign workers that are in high demand in industries facing labor shortages.

This also can help businesses find qualified workers to fill critical roles that are difficult to fill locally.

The EB-3 visa can be especially beneficial for industries that require highly skilled workers, such as technology, healthcare, and construction.[7]

Foreign workers can contribute to the growth and competitiveness of industries by bringing new ideas, perspectives, and expertise to the workforce, which can contribute to innovation and productivity.

By utilizing the EB-3 visa program, companies operating in Texas can promote diversity, teamwork, and a more dynamic workplace by giving them the opportunity to recruit skilled workers from different parts of the world.

The Bottom Line

2024 Idaho warehouse workers labor shortage, warehouse workers labor shortage, EB-3 Visa green card jobs for warehouse workers

Texas is facing a major challenge due to the labor shortage, which has affected multiple industries, such as healthcare, construction, hospitality, technology, and manufacturing.

To minimize the negative impacts of this shortage, Texas can adopt a comprehensive and long-term strategy that includes investing in education and training programs, promoting diversity and inclusion practices, implementing industry-specific targeted approaches, and sponsoring foreign workers through the EB-3 visa program.

Texas has the potential to develop a stable workforce, enhance economic growth, and increase job prospects for its residents by tackling the challenge of labor shortage.


[1] Dan Hooper.“The Dallas Morning News”.

2 Texas Restaurant Association. “Texas Foodservice Industry Surpasses $100 Billion In Sales For The First Time As State’s Largest Private Sector Employer”.$100-Billion-in-Sales.aspx

3 Maria Mendez. “As demand for skilled workers rises in Texas, work-based educational programs see a resurgence”.

4 Stephen Simpson. “Texas is struggling to diversify its mental health workforce as the state becomes less white”.

5 Maya Goldman. “More than 2 million people dropped from Medicaid in Texas”.

6 USCIS. “Employment-Based Immigration: Third Preference EB-3”.

7 EB-3 Work.