The Scarcity of Construction Workers in the United States and Possible Remedies

Solutions for the construction worker shortage in the US, EB-3 Visa green card jobs, Possible remedies for the US construction labor shortage

The United States has been facing a significant and persistent shortage of construction workers.

A model developed by Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) shows that the construction industry currently needs around 501,000 extra workers in addition to the usual hiring to meet the labor demand.

Looking ahead to 2025, the industry will have to onboard nearly 454,000 new workers beyond the regular hiring to fulfill the industry’s demand, assuming a considerable slowdown in construction spending growth next year.

The shortage of skilled labor in the construction sector has become a pressing issue with far-reaching implications for the economy, infrastructure development, and society’s overall well-being.

This shortage has been attributed to various factors, including demographic shifts, economic conditions, educational trends, and changes in immigration policies.

The construction industry is a vital sector of the U.S. economy, playing a crucial role in infrastructure development, housing construction, and commercial building projects.

The industry has been grappling with a shortage of skilled laborers, including carpenters, electricians, plumbers, masons, and other tradespeople.

The construction industry is projected to expand by 4% between 2023 and 2033, potentially creating around 280,000 new job opportunities.

The industry needs help to attract and retain skilled workers, which can lead to delays in project completion, increased construction costs, and a decline in overall productivity.

Many skilled construction workers are reaching retirement age, creating a significant gap in the industry as younger workers need to enter the field in sufficient numbers to replace them.

This demographic shift exacerbates the labor shortage and poses a severe challenge to the industry, which struggles to replace experienced workers with younger, less skilled individuals.

Another factor contributing to the construction worker labor shortage is the decline in the United States vocational education and training programs.

Fewer young people are pursuing careers in the skilled trades, leading to a need for more qualified workers in construction-related industries.

This trend has been further exacerbated by the stigma attached to blue-collar work, with many young people and their parents viewing construction jobs as less desirable or prestigious than white-collar professions.

The cyclical nature of the construction industry and economic factors have also played a role in the labor shortage.

The construction industry is susceptible to economic fluctuations, with periods of economic downturn leading to layoffs, reduced investment in training programs, and a loss of skilled workers to other industries.

The housing market crash of 2008, for example, led to a significant exodus of construction workers from the industry, many of whom never returned.

One of the most immediate consequences of the shortage is project delays and cost overruns.

With fewer skilled workers available, construction projects take longer to complete, leading to increased labor costs, material costs, and overhead expenses.

This labor shortage can drive up the overall cost of construction projects, making them less economically viable for developers and investors.

Construction companies should not hire less experienced or unqualified workers to fill critical roles on construction sites.

This can compromise the safety, structural integrity, and overall quality of construction projects, posing risks to workers, residents, and the public.

Inadequately trained workers may also be more prone to making mistakes, leading to rework, delays, and increased costs for construction companies.

The labor shortage in the construction industry has also limited the industry’s capacity for growth and innovation.

Construction companies may be unable to take on new projects, expand their operations, or adopt new technologies and practices to improve efficiency and productivity due to a limited pool of skilled workers.

This can hamper the industry’s ability to meet the growing demand for construction services and compete in an increasingly competitive market.

Here are some solutions to help alleviate the shortage of skilled workers in the construction industry:

1. Invest in Vocational Education and Training Programs

Increasing investment in vocational education and training programs is essential to attract and prepare the next generation of construction workers.

By partnering with schools, community colleges, trade schools, and industry associations, construction companies can help develop curricula, provide hands-on training opportunities, and offer apprenticeships to students interested in pursuing careers in the skilled trades.

These programs can equip individuals with the necessary skills, knowledge, and certifications to enter the construction industry and address the shortage of skilled workers.

Increasing vocational education and training programs can also help address the issue of unemployment by providing individuals with valuable, in-demand skills.

Promoting a positive image of careers in the skilled trades can help attract more individuals to these professions, leading to a more diverse and qualified workforce in the construction industry.

An analysis released earlier this year by the ABC revealed that, as of the end of November, approximately 459,000 job openings were available in the construction industry.

The job opening rate of 5.4% marked the highest level since 2000.

In Montana, nearly 3,000 apprentices are currently participating in a state program that connects students with industry sponsors.

Several states have started supporting apprenticeships, investing in community college programs, and providing grants to support specific industries to establish a local supply of skilled construction workers.

Public awareness campaigns, outreach programs, job fairs, and partnerships with schools and community organizations can highlight the benefits of working in construction, such as competitive wages, job security, opportunities for advancement, and the satisfaction of building tangible projects.

2. Enhance Workforce Development and Retention Strategies

Developing effective workforce development and retention strategies is crucial for retaining skilled workers and reducing turnover in the construction industry.

Offering competitive wages, benefits, training opportunities, career advancement paths, and a positive work environment can help attract and retain talented employees.

Providing mentorship programs, like leadership training and opportunities for skill-building and certification, performance incentives, and opportunities for ongoing learning and skill development can enhance job satisfaction and loyalty among construction workers.

By investing in their workforce’s well-being and professional growth, construction companies can build a robust and dedicated team of employees committed to the industry.

The construction industry is now placing even greater emphasis on advanced safety measures.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, nearly 1 in 5 worker deaths in the U.S. occurs in the construction industry, with a notable 11% increase in fatalities from 2021 to 2022.

Construction also had the third-highest rate of all recordable cases of injury and illness in the workplace in 2022.

Despite the traditional focus on minimizing labor costs, there is now a growing prioritization of worker safety and strict adherence to safety regulations.

Immersive technologies and Personal Protective Equipment prevent onsite accidents and safeguard workers’ well-being.

3. Collaborate with Industry Partners and Stakeholders

Collective action involving industry partners, stakeholders, government agencies, and educational institutions can help address the construction labor shortage.

By working together to identify challenges, share best practices, and implement solutions, stakeholders can leverage their collective expertise and resources to tackle the issue more effectively.

Partnerships between construction companies, trade associations, labor unions, government agencies, and academic institutions can create synergies, promote knowledge exchange, and drive initiatives to attract, train, and retain skilled workers in the construction industry.

Michael Bellaman, the president and CEO of ABC, has projected that the U.S. construction industry will require approximately 500,000 new workers by this year in order to achieve a balance between supply and demand.

4. Recruit Employees from Abroad

The EB-3 visa program, a category of employment-based immigrant visas, provides a pathway for skilled workers, professionals, and other workers to come to the United States for permanent employment.

By leveraging the EB-3 visa program, construction companies can recruit qualified foreign workers to fill critical positions in an industry that lacks skilled labor.

This program can help address immediate workforce needs, supplement the domestic labor supply, and support the timely and efficient completion of construction projects.

Collaborating with legal experts like to navigate the visa application process can facilitate the recruitment of foreign workers through the EB-3 program and contribute to filling the labor gap in the construction industry.

The program offers opportunities for unskilled individuals from other countries to contribute their expertise to the U.S. construction industry, helping to meet the demand for skilled labor and supporting the completion of construction projects.

According to the Center for American Progress, providing foreign workers with increased access to the U.S. labor pool could increase the GDP by as much as $1.7 trillion over the next ten years.

5. Promote diversity and inclusion in the construction industry

Encouraging and supporting individuals from diverse backgrounds, including women, minorities, and veterans, to pursue careers in construction can help broaden the pool of skilled workers and bring valuable perspectives and expertise to the industry.

Fostering a welcoming and inclusive work environment is critical for retaining a more diverse workforce.

This involves promoting a culture of respect, fairness, and equal opportunity and actively addressing any instances of discrimination or bias.

Creating employee resource groups, hosting diversity and inclusion workshops, and celebrating diversity through company-wide events can also help in creating a more inclusive workplace for all employees.

Despite making up 47% of the total employed individuals, women represent only 1.25% of the workforce in the construction industry.

Solutions for the construction worker shortage in the US, EB-3 Visa green card jobs, Possible remedies for the US construction labor shortage
Communication. Engineer in safety helmet and plaid shirt smiling gesture and rude and two workers in gloves and vests listening at construction site during day

The Bottom Line

The shortage of skilled labor in the construction industry in the United States presents a significant challenge with far-reaching implications.

Factors such as demographic shifts, economic conditions, educational trends, and changes in immigration policies have contributed to this persistent issue.

The consequences of this shortage include project delays, increased costs, compromised quality and safety, and limitations on industry growth and innovation.

Investing in vocational education and training programs, attracting younger workers and individuals from different backgrounds to the construction industry, hiring workers overseas, and adopting practices to improve efficiency and productivity is essential.



2 TST Europe. “Construction Industry Statistics in the U.S. in 2024”..

3 Technical Education Post. “Construction Applicants Lack Skills”.

4 Cinthya Sotto. OpenAsset. “The Top 23 Construction Industry Trends for 2024”.


6 USCIS. “Employment-Based Immigration: Third Preference EB-3”.

7 EB3.Work. “EB-3 Green Card Jobs”.

8 Anthony Johnson. Forbes. “Solutions For The Construction Craft Labor Shortage”.

9 BigRentz. “Women in Construction: The State of the Industry in 2024”.

Solutions for the construction worker shortage in the US, EB-3 Visa green card jobs, Possible remedies for the US construction labor shortage

Solutions for the construction worker shortage in the US, EB-3 Visa green card jobs, Possible remedies for the US construction labor shortage